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FareXChange - Profile Scope

There are two forms of the UK FareXChange profile:

  1. Basic Profile: common basic UK Bus fares.
  2. Advanced Profile: More complex UK Bus fares and conditions.

In the Basic profile complex conditions may be explained textually; in thw Advanced profile such conditions may be expressed with machine readable elements

1. Basic Fare Product Profile Scope

The FareXChange Basic Fare Product  profile aims to cover:

Trip and pass products


Carnet products


Features of basic profile products

The basic profile is intended to support the following features.

1.1 Access Rights


Network elements used in tariff structures:

  • Stop points
    • NaPTAN stops.
    • NPTG Localities used to indicate Topographic place.
  • Tariff zones
    1. PlusBus - NPTG defined
    2. Operator Specific - Operator defined.
    3. Multi-Operator - Local Authority or By agreement.
  • Lines. (routes)
  • Organisations
    • Operators (with National Operator code).
    • Groups of Operators.
    • Other organisations (e.g. retail consortia.

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Access rights to network:

  • Spatial
    • Flat.
    • Point-to-Point & Zone-to-zone.
    • Named zones.
    • Unit section count.
  • Temporal
    • Pass durations
      • 60 min, 90 min 180 min. etc.
      • Evening.
      • Day.
      • Weekly.
      • Monthly.
      • Quarterly.
      • Annual.
    • Travel Demand period types: Day types and time bands for travel.
      • Peak.
      • Off-peak, etc.
  • Qualitative
    • Number of trips/passes bundled in carnet.

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1.2 Products


Fares to make a one-off trip:

  • Travel validity
    • Short hop: Limited number of stops
    • Single trip
    • Return trip
    • Time limited single trip ("hopper")
    • Day return
    • Period return (Fixed or variabel start date)
  • Eligibility:
    • User types
    • Group tickets
  • Travel Conditions:
    • Whether Can interchange or not
    • Frequency of Use with a given period
    • Use by date
  • Commercial conditions:
    • Personal or transferable

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Period passes for a given period:

  • Travel validity
    • Day pass: also night and short interval passes
    • Term-time pass: academic term or year
    • Season pass: periods of on or more multiples of days, weeks, months, quarters or years
  • Eligibility:
    • User types
    • Group tickets (e.g. family day pass)
    • Commercial conditions:
      • Personal or transferable

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Discounted multi-trip bundles of individual trips or passes :

  • Access rights
    • Single trips.
    • Day pass.
  • Commercial conditions:
    • Personal or transferable.

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1.3 Sales Offers


Conditions applying to product sale.

  • Media

    Available types of Travel documents:

    • Paper ticket.
    • Smartcard.
    • Mobile app ticket.

  • Distribution Channels

    Available ways of purchasing a ticket:

    • On-board
    • At stop (self-service machine).
    • At counter (Rail or bus station).
    • Online - Mobile app.
    • Online - post (for passes and cards.
    • Travel shop.

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2. Complex Fare Product Profile Scope


The advanced Fare Product profile support the basic features and additionally allows further products and further conditions.

2.1 Complex Products


Products that give discounts on purchases of other products  (e.g. Railcards, Oyster, etc)

  • Capping
    • Cap to limit  by period.
    • Mode specific capping.
    • Price by tmime of travel.

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Storage of value on a smartcard or account:

  • Value
    • Money or arbitrary units.
  • Top up:
    • Manual.
    • Automatic)

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Other products giving rights or receiving rights:

  • Eligibility
    • User Type.
    • Minimum Eligibility period.

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2.2 Complex Conditions


Products that give discounts on purchases of other products  (e.g. Railcards, Oyster, etc)

  • Travel conditions
    • Can break journey.
  • Commercial conditions.
    • Exchanging./li>
    • Refunding.

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Large scale Products such as PlusBus that have area specifc conditions

  • Area specific conditions
    • Included / excluded operators.
    • Included / excluded services.
  • Product dependencies.
    • Prerequisites./li>

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Page last updated: 2020/09/15